RHEL 7.4 multimedia packages and Skype repository removal

The upgrade path from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 to 7.4 is a bit of a pain if you have the multimedia repository configured. This is because I’m rebuilding a few components for an upgraded libwebp package and because a lot of stuff has been rebased to versions that are in Fedora. Judging by the logs, I see that most of the downloads come from CentOS systems, so I just decided to hold on some updates that are required for the various package rebases for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4. So until also CentOS releases version 7.4, I can’t make everyone happy and something (like Gstreamer plugin updates) will be stuck with 7.3 versions. Hopefully the new CentOS release will come quickly enough.

Also, I decided to stop rebuilding the base packages to use a newer libwebp version. This really had very few benefits and just a lot of pain due to the huge amount of packages involved in both x86_64 and i686 variants. The amount of packages affected by this weigh at around 3 gb.

In RHEL 7.4 there are additional WebKit variants that also would require a rebuild. So, as of today, to update the packages from the EPEL 7 multimedia repository you should run this command:

rpm -e --nodeps GraphicsMagick && yum distro-sync && yum -y install GraphicsMagick

Hopefully you would get an output similar to this:

Dependencies Resolved
 Package                         Arch        Version                  Repository         Size
 compat-ffmpeg-libs              x86_64      1:2.8.12-2.el7           epel-multimedia   5.6 M
 ffmpeg                          x86_64      1:3.3.3-2.el7            epel-multimedia   1.5 M
 ffmpeg-libs                     i686        1:3.3.3-2.el7            epel-multimedia   6.1 M
 ffmpeg-libs                     x86_64      1:3.3.3-2.el7            epel-multimedia   6.3 M
 gstreamer1-plugins-bad          x86_64      1:1.4.5-5.el7            epel-multimedia   1.8 M
 libavdevice                     x86_64      1:3.3.3-2.el7            epel-multimedia    63 k
 leptonica                       i686        1.72-2.el7               epel-multimedia   881 k
 leptonica                       x86_64      1.72-2.el7               epel              928 k
 libwebp                         i686        0.3.0-3.el7              base              169 k
 libwebp                         x86_64      0.3.0-3.el7              base              170 k
 lz4                             x86_64      1.7.3-1.el7              epel               82 k
 python-pillow                   x86_64      2.0.0-19.gitd1c6db8.el7  base              438 k
 webkitgtk                       x86_64      2.4.9-1.el7              epel               12 M
 webkitgtk3                      x86_64      2.4.9-6.el7              base               11 M
Installing for dependencies:
 libwebp0.6                      i686        0.6.0-1.el7              epel-multimedia   255 k
 libwebp0.6                      x86_64      0.6.0-1.el7              epel-multimedia   250 k
Transaction Summary
Install               ( 2 Dependent packages)
Upgrade    6 Packages
Downgrade  8 Packages
Total download size: 47 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]:

Basically libwebp should come again from the main CentOS/RHEL channels and the libwebp0.6 package should come from the multimedia repository. All the packages which were rebuilt for the previous libwebp 0.5 update should become synced again to their proper versions.

If you don’t get this output, but still get some dependency errors you have to do some debugging. For example, ffmpeg-libs.i686 requires libssh.i686, but the version of libssh in CentOS extras is different from the one in EPEL (it really depends on what kind of packages you have installed and with which repositories enabled) so I’m providing here the same version that is in CentOS extras but in both variants.

Update 16th August 2017

If you get many qt5 errors during the transactions, keep in mind that RHEL 7.4 has been rebased massively, and everyone else (including EPEL) is catching up. As of today, if you have the following errors (trimmed down) in a Yum transaction:

Error: Package: gvfs-1.30.4-3.el7.x86_64 (rhel-x86_64-server-7)
Error: Package: qt5-qtwebkit-5.6.1-3.b889f46git.el7.x86_64 (epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtquickcontrols2-5.6.1-2.el7.x86_64 (@epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtquickcontrols2-5.6.1-2.el7.x86_64 (@epel)
Error: Package: GraphicsMagick-1.3.26-3.el7.x86_64 (@epel-multimedia)
Error: Package: kf5-kdeclarative-5.36.0-1.el7.x86_64 (epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtquickcontrols2-5.6.1-2.el7.x86_64 (@epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtwebkit-5.6.1-3.b889f46git.el7.x86_64 (epel)
Transaction check error:
  file /usr/lib64/gstreamer-1.0/libgstopus.so from install of gstreamer1-plugins-bad-1:1.4.5-5.el7.x86_64 conflicts with file from package gstreamer1-plugins-base-1.10.4-1.el7.x86_64

You can do the following. For this:

Error: Package: GraphicsMagick-1.3.26-3.el7.x86_64 (@epel-multimedia)


rpm -e --nodeps GraphicsMagick && yum -y install GraphicsMagick

All of the QT7KDE 5 stuff:

Error: Package: qt5-qtwebkit-5.6.1-3.b889f46git.el7.x86_64 (epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtquickcontrols2-5.6.1-2.el7.x86_64 (@epel)
Error: Package: qt5-qtquickcontrols2-5.6.1-2.el7.x86_64 (@epel)
Error: Package: kf5-kdeclarative-5.36.0-1.el7.x86_64 (epel)

Are in EPEL testing updates, so:

yum --enablerepo=epel-testing update


Error: Package: gvfs-1.30.4-3.el7.x86_64 (rhel-x86_64-server-7)Transaction check error:
  file /usr/lib64/gstreamer-1.0/libgstopus.so from install of gstreamer1-plugins-bad-1:1.4.5-5.el7.x86_64 conflicts with file from package gstreamer1-plugins-base-1.10.4-1.el7.x86_64

are some of the packages that are rebased in RHEL 7.4. I’ve created a temporary repository for those, it will disappear once CentOS 7.4 is released as the packages will be integrated in the main multimedia repository. You can install it through:

yum-config-manager \

With the above repository it is possible to install all the other multimedia packages.

Skype repository removal

Skype 4.3 is 32 bit only, is now obsolete and has been superseded by a package that actually lists proper dependencies. It is also one of the packages that required one of the above WebKit rebuilds in i686 form for RHEL/CentOS 7 x86_64.

If you have it installed, just remove it with:

yum remove webkitgtk.i686

The repository has been deleted; to install the new Skype provided version, just head to the following official link.

GStreamer plugins for CentOS/RHEL 7, MPV and Fedora 25 repositories

The Multimedia repository now provides GStreamer (1.0) plugins for Bad, Ugly, libAV and VA-API plugin bundles with all options enabled for CentOS/RHEL 7. As per the Fedora ones, these are split into the following GStreamer runtime packages:

  • gstreamer1-plugins-bad
  • gstreamer1-plugins-ugly
  • gstreamer1-plugins-vaapi
  • gstreamer1-plugins-libav
  • gstreamer1-plugins-bad-fluidsynth (pulls in the whole FluidSynth distribution)

They all have an Epoch of “1”, to avoid any upgrade issue. Like for FFMpeg, I’ve tried to enable all the supported plugins out of the box. The “bad” package actually obsoletes the “bad-free”, “bad-nonfree” and “openh264” Gstreamer plugin packages. As such, they play nicely when enabling OpenH264 support on Firefox.

Apart from this, 99% of the Fedora 25 packages are now available, Fedora 24 and Fedora 25 repositories now have MPV in them.

Next steps

Next steps:

Fedora 24 and CentOS/RHEL 7 repositories

Fedora 24 repositories have been available for quite some time now, but here is the official statement that everything should be supported out of the box.

As part of the repository availability, I would like to say that starting from Fedora 24, the repositories are self-sustained and do not require RPMFusion to be enabled. I try to preserve compatibility between the two, so if you step into any problem just open an issue to the specific package on Github, send me an email or drop a message in the comment section of the various pages. Please note that “compatible” means that actually you shouldn’t get any conflict when installing packages, and not that I will not overwrite/obsolete the packages provided in the other repositories.

CentOS/RHEL 7 repositories have been available stand alone since the beginning and do not require external repositories to be enabled. Again, if an RPMFusion (or whatever will be mainstream at the moment) CentOS/RHEL 7 repository will appear, I will try to be compatible with it.

Scope of support

My basic idea is to have what I’m using normally everyday as a package in Fedora, enabling software combinations that would be otherwise impossible to distribute in official repositories due to license/patent issues. This for example includes NVENC (Nvidia Encoder) FFMPeg enabled builds that I use almost everyday.

Being a daily CentOS/RHEL 7 user I also want to support the latest and gretest of the same software on that platform, which also means rebuilding some official CentOS/RHEL 7 packages like VP8/9, VDPAU and VA-API libraries.

Due to the various package builds being different (or simply containing newer software releases) from what the other repositories offer, I also try to be completely independent, you can basically install the operating system and just use my repositories.

Build system changes

The (internal at the moment) build system uses Github as its primary system for storing the package information. There is a Negativo17.org public organization where all the work goes, so if you want to look at the development or the SPEC files, just browse to Github. If you have an issue or proposed change as well, you’re welcome to open an issue or create a merge request in the specific package Git page.

Skype Web Pidgin plugin


The Skype repository used to contain purple-skype for Fedora and CentOS/RHEL distributions which at the time required an installed Skype to work. Now, I helped a new Fedora contributor into integrating the newly developed Skype web plugin, which is based on the Skype web client. The package in Fedora obsoletes and provides correctly the skype4pidgin plugin and as such I don’t need to provide anything else in the repository.

The installation instructions have been updated to reflect this.

Skype is available only in 32 bit format, so on a 64 bit a 32 bit client will always be installed. Since the merging with MSN, the HTML welcome screen requires a 32 bit WebKit GTK build to start. This is not included in the 64 bit only CentOS/RHEL 7 repositories; so for this reason, if you are running CentOS/RHEL 7, it requires the multimedia repository to be enabled and have the dependency solved. This used to be self-contained in the Skype repository, but this is no longer feasible for me to mantain considering there is a different rebuild of WebKit GTK in the Multimedia repository.

Spotify Client


The Spotify repository used to contain FFMpeg for CentOS/RHEL distributions and a requirement on FFMpeg’s RPMFusion as a Fedora dependency. FFMpeg is no longer included in the CentOS/RHEL 7 repositories so the multimedia repository has to be enabled to have the dependency solved. As for Skype, this no longer feasible for me to mantain considering there is a different rebuild of WebKit GTK in the Multimedia repository.

Here as well the installation instructions have been updated to reflect the change.

aKMOD kernel module packages

The kernel binary module packages generated by aKMOD are now compressed with XZ, like in the original Fedora kernel packages that contain kernel modules. I’ve become a DKMS contributor, so, as time permits, I will add the same functionality to DKMS for Fedora distributions.

At the moment, this applies to Nvidia and X-Pad kernel modules.

Gstreamer plugins and multimedia libraries

The Multimedia repository now provides GStreamer (1.0) plugins for Bad, Ugly, libAV and VA-API plugin bundles with all options enabled. This is split into the following GStreamer runtime packages:

  • gstreamer1-plugins-bad
  • gstreamer1-plugins-ugly
  • gstreamer1-vaapi
  • gstreamer1-libav
  • gstreamer1-plugins-bad-fluidsynth (pulls in the whole FluidSynth distribution)
  • gstreamer1-plugins-bad-nvenc (x86_64 only, pulls in the Nvidia binary driver; and at the moment it does not work properly)

They all have an Epoch of “1”, due to the various reasons explained at the top. They are not yet available for CentOS/RHEL 7 due to time constraints; I will try to prepare them in the next weeks.

Fedora 24 OpenH264 repository

A note on the Fedora 24 OpenH264 repository. As described in its wiki page, there is an extra repository that can be enabled directly in Fedora 24 that allows you to install OpenH264, its relevant Gstreamer 1.0 plugin and a Mozilla plugin for Firefox. Following the same logic, at the moment the same Gstreamer 1.0 plugin is provided/obsoleted (in newer form) by the gstreamer1-pluings-bad package. There is a conflict for the OpenH264 binaries which I will address soon.

HandBrake, MakeMKV, FFMpeg and Skype available for CentOS/RHEL 7

The multimedia and Skype repositories now contain all components and libraries to have the same “experience” as in Fedora 23. This includes HandBrake, MakeMKV, Skype and the same FFMPeg build with the same options that are enabled in the Fedora 23 build; including Intel Quick Sync Video and the Nvidia Encoder.


To enable this, new build roots with CentOS/RHEL i686 images have been used. This way all dependencies have been correctly built from the same CentOS/RHEL 7 packages and not with cross-compilation or using the Fedora 19 buildroots.

Fedora 23 packages now live

All the repositories have been updated for Fedora 23, so if you trigger an update, everything should update properly. CUDA enabled programs are still building.

A few notes:

  • HandBrake has been updated to a pre-release of 1.0 for Fedora 23. Updated x264/x265/FFmpeg libraries should give a speed bost to all encoding operations.
  • The Spotify 0.9.x repository has been removed. It will never receive updates anymore, and now the 1.x builds are on feature parity, including 32 bit support. If you haven’t upgraded, just do it now.
  • Nvidia drivers version 358.09 do not yet support X.org driver ABI 20, so you’re probably going to have some lock ups or random issues.
  • The SteamOS and X-Box replacement driver have been updated to the latest upstream.

Please let me know if you have any upgrade issue.

Updated Skype Pidgin plugin

The Skype Pidgin plugin has been updated, it now provides a working copy of the skypeweb plugin. This means you can have your Skype account in Pidgin without having the full Skype client running on your system.

Just disable the D-Bus plugin and enable the HTTP client, providing your Skype credentials.

Screenshot from 2015-05-05 18:09:51

Full details in the Skype and Skype Pidgin plugin page.